The Rise and Fall of Apartheid
Posted by tahirfarrath on April 4, 2010
1892 – Franchise and Ballot Act to disenfranchise the blacks (in their own land by whites who decided to claim this country).
1906 – The Asiatic Registration Act, requiring all Indians to register and carry passes.
1910 – The South Africa Act that enfranchised whites, giving them complete political control over all other race groups and removing the right of blacks to sit in parliament.
1910 – Formation of the Union of South Africa
1913 – Land Act separated blacks from whites
1915 – The Indians fought their own battles – Mahatma Gamdhi returns to India
1927 – Immorality Act between whites and blacks. Extended to coloureds and Asians (Indians) in 1950. Repealed by Sexual Offences Act in 1957 to include Mixed Marriages – invalidating those married outside the country upon their return.
1934 – Slums Act was passed.
1950 – Group Areas Act declared for exclusive use of one particular racial group. Then there was controlled acquisition of land in 1957.
1950 – Population Registration Act to identify people to one of four distinct racial groups.
1953 – Black Education Act.
1953 – Criminal Law Amendment Act to punish civil disobedience.
1953 – Separate Amenities Act of public facilities and transport.
1954 – Riotus Assemblies and Suppression Act without the opportunity for a defence. Banishment was included in 1956. Even the movements of listed people were restricted.
1955 – 60,000 people were moved “military style” to make way for whites from Johannesburg’s Western Areas, such as Sophiatown, under the provisions of the Group Areas Act. Sophiatown is consequently renamed Triumph.
1960 – Unlawful organisations Act (ANC was immediately unlawful). Permits were required to attend white universities or institutions.
1961 – South Africa changed from a Union to a Republic.
1961 – Indemnity Act for government officials, officers, etc.
1962 – Sabotage Act where one even in possession of water and foodstuffs could be tried.
1964 – Education Act somehow provided subsidies for blacks. Mandela and others were imprisoned.
1967 – Suppression of Communism Act to prevent the receiving and giving of donations. Law could only be practiced by certain people.
1968 – Dangerous Weapons Act.
1971 – University Education Act prevented students from changing courses after admission.
1972 – Security Intelligence / Council Act provided the security police with increased powers.
1977 – Newspaper and Imprint Registration Act to make them conform to a Code of Conduct.
1978 – Introduced a 99 year leasehold system for blacks in urban areas.
1982 – Internal Security Act. Indefinite detention – Media censorship – Detention of potential witnesses – Ban on publications Those arrested were refused bail
1984 – Arrest of people loitering in a municipal area.
1985 – The declaration of a State of Emergency, and again in 1986. Detainees had no rights to visitors, letters, readings or lawyers. Security clearances were required in certain educational and training institutions. 10 years imprisonment for disrupting educational institutions or boycotting of consumer goods. It was an offense to possess a tyre or any inflammable liquid.
1986 – The establishment of the Elite Unit
1987 – State of Emergency, and again in 1988, and again in 1989.
1990 – The Commission of Inquiry into certain deaths. Mandela was released from prison.
1991 – 205 white government schools admit black children for the first time.
1994 – Mandela becomes president of South Africa.
1995 – Compulsory for black children to attend school.