Author: Dr. Mustafa Mustari
Reformation of Indonesia had to face a much bigger challenge, both national issues and from abroad. Various crisis was engulfing this country. Starting from the economic crisis, politics, nationalism and morality are far more threatening the tranquility and peace of the nation and state. The tendency of ruling parties to advance personal or group needs, further increasing public distrust of the authorities. As a result, a variety of actions, even actions illegal participating public life would lead to national instability.
This condition is a major concern as well as uncertainty for Dr. Mustari Mustafa, an educator who spends himself in Makassar Alauddin State Islamic University. Lifting ideas from prominent Sheikh Yusuf Al-Makassari not be separated from its role as an ulema, preachers, Sufis, a congregation, and penjuang the master and the teachings of Islam in kafah. Kecendekiawan Shaykh Yusuf content explored more deeply, developed, and may be a new lesson for the next generation. The authors are also preachers, saw the figure Sheikh Yusuf as an exemplary figure who can not be ignored, and the role of services in the intellectual development of Islam in Indonesia, both for the past and for the future.
This book tells the story of Shaykh Yusuf (1626-1699) starting from the time before he was born, he was a period of growth and development, a period he studied, his crush Dutch colonial occupation in the country, to the days he was exiled to South Africa and spent the end of life his life there. Although Shaykh Yusuf was born and raised in the kingdom which is very convenient, but he does not necessarily accept that life. Indeed Shaykh Yusuf to work harder (gain knowledge) to enforce Islam, defend and advance their communities, as well as against the Dutch colonial time in Makassar.
Way of life Sheikh Yusuf spent most of his life abroad as in Yemen, Hijaz, Syrians, Turkey and ending in Cape Town South Africa. Sheik Yusuf also studied and traveled in Makkah and Madinah. During the long journey, he met and studied with great characters, phenomenal, the Sufis, the famous sheikh in Islam. Of all the learning that Shaykh Yusuf had produced great works that have more to do with the Shari’a. An understanding of the congregation and Sufism is also an important point that was developed by Shaikh Yusuf at the time.
Shaykh Yusuf thoughts could not be released from the fusion of ancient Greek philosophers interpreted by Islamic leaders before Sheikh Yusuf was born. The combination is even more colorful when the era of Sheikh Yusuf and after his time. Shaykh Yusuf emphasized how the position of Islam in different ages, so that the teachings of Islam are not only developed but also to grow and thrive in a pluralistic and modern society as it is today. One of them, how the teachings of Islam acceptable to the social status of people who are different from one another. Education level, income level, and residence perpengaruh greatly to the degree of understanding one’s Islam. Shaykh Yusuf looked at all of these are not mediocre, it is a big problem that could potentially lead to a tricky situation if not handled properly.
In the hands of the author, the book Religion and Ethical shadows Sheikh Yusuf Al-Makassari has become so important to understand the present condition as well as trying to find a way out (way out), which is much more meaningful and intellectual. The language is simple and easy to understand makes the book suitable as a leisure read. Happy reading!
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