Cape Malays…

and their Heritage

Archive for the ‘i. 20th Century South Africa’ Category

Cape Muslims Leadership Models

Posted by tahirfarrath on April 4, 2010

(Timeline)

The Enculturation…handing down a legacy to the next generation and passing it on the generation to come.

1903 – South African Moslem Association in Cape Town

1904 – Dr. Abdullah Abdurahman: Cape City Councillor

1906 – Cape Muslim Population Census. The State census revealed that there were 22,575 Muslims in the Cape Colony. The census referred to Muslims by the erroneous appellation of “Mohammedans.”

1909 – South African Malay Association

1913 – Establishment of Rahmaniyyeh Institute in Cape Town

1917 – Talfallah and the Salt River Moslem Primary School

1920 – Simonstown Moslem Primary School

1923 – Founding of Cape Malay Association

1929 – Mohammadiyeh Moslem Primary School

1930 – Muir Street Moslem Primary School

1931 – Schotsch Kloof Moslem Primary School

1932 – Subsidies for Cape Muslims. The schools subsidised were:

* Rahmaniyyeh Institute [established 1913]

* Talfallah [established 1917]

* Salt River Moslem Primary School [established 1917]

* Simonstown Moslem Primary School [established 1923]

*Mohammadiyeh Moslem Primary School [established 1929]

*Muir Street Moslem Primary School [established 1930]

* Schotsch Kloof Moslem Primary School[established 1931]

1934 – Malay” Quarter. Almost the entire ‘Malay’ Quarter in Cape Town was proclaimed a slum area in terms of the Slums Act. At that time the ‘Malay’ Quarter was owned exclusively by the Muslims. Today, there are Muslim property owners in the Malay Quarter, but the Cape Town City Council is the chief landlord.

1942 – Schotsche Kloof. Between 1938 and 1942 Cape Town City Council built 198 flat-units at Schotsche Kloof, and for the occupation thereof, stipulated “a clause which stated that the tenant must be a “Malay Muslim

1942 – Hospital Welfare Society

1945 – Muslim Judicial Council

1952 – Bo-Kaap: residential area for `Malay’ Muslims

1956 – Die Heilige’ Qur’an: first Afrikaans translation of the Qur-aan by Imam Mohammed Baker

1957 – Cape Muslim Youth Movement

1958 – Claremont Muslim Youth Association

1960 – Hospital Welfare and Muslim Educational Movement

1960 – Publication of Muslim News

1961 – Call of Islam organisation

1966 – Boorhanol Recreational Movement

1967 – Muslim Assembly [Cape]

1968 – Majlisush Shura al-Islami

1969 – Cape Muslim Students Association

1969 – Imaam `Abdullah Haron was detained under Section 6 of Act 83 of 1967, referred to as the Terrorism Act. He was held incommunicado for 123 days without being given the opportunity of visits by his wife and children and “died” in the Cape Town prison on September 27, 1969.

1970 – Islamic Educational and Religious Trust. A group of concerned `Malay’ women met and resolved to devote their spare time in providing Islamic education for children and Muslim ladies residing in the `Coloured’ areas of Durban:

1971 – Muslim Board for Prison Welfare and State Institutions

1972 – Opposition of Cape Muslims to freeway through Tana Baru Cemetery

1972 – The Institute of Islamic Shari`ah Studies

1974 – Muslim Students’ Association of South Africa

1975 – Islamic Council of South Africa

1975 – Arabic at University of the Western Cape

1981 – Qibla Mass Movement

1981 – Publication of Ikhurani Eyingcwele: first Zulu translation of the Qur’an’ in Natal

1984 – Habibiya Islamic College

1989 – Islamic Studies at the University of Cape Town

1989 – Association of Muslim Schools

1990 – First National Muslim Conference

1990 – Islamic Political Party

1990 – Islamic College of Southern Africa

http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/library-resources/online%20books/history-muslims/1900s

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The Rise and Fall of Apartheid

Posted by tahirfarrath on April 4, 2010

(Timeline)

1892 – Franchise and Ballot Act to disenfranchise the blacks (in their own land by whites who decided to claim this country).

1894 – The Natal Legislative Assembly Bill, which deprived Indians of the right to vote.

1899 – Paul Kruger decides, with support from Jan Smuts, that it would be better to take military action. This lead to the dispatch of an ultimatum to Britain on the 9th of September 1899.
1905 – The General Pass Regulations Bill denied blacks the vote altogether (for fear of being utterlty outvoted) and limited them to fixed areas.

1906 – The Asiatic Registration Act, requiring all Indians to register and carry passes.

1910 – The South Africa Act that enfranchised whites, giving them complete political control over all other race groups and removing the right of blacks to sit in parliament.

1910 – Formation of the Union of South Africa

1913 – Land Act separated blacks from whites

1915 – The Indians fought their own battles – Mahatma Gamdhi returns to India

1927 – Immorality Act between whites and blacks. Extended to coloureds and Asians (Indians) in 1950. Repealed by Sexual Offences Act in 1957 to include Mixed Marriages – invalidating those married outside the country upon their return.

1934 – Slums Act was passed.

1950 – Group Areas Act declared for exclusive use of one particular racial group. Then there was controlled acquisition of land in 1957.

1950 – Population Registration Act to identify people to one of four distinct racial groups.

1953 – Black Education Act.

1953 – Criminal Law Amendment Act to punish civil disobedience.

1953 – Separate Amenities Act of public facilities and transport.

1954 – Riotus Assemblies and Suppression Act without the opportunity for a defence. Banishment was included in 1956. Even the movements of listed people were restricted.

1955 – 60,000 people were moved “military style” to make way for whites from Johannesburg’s Western Areas, such as Sophiatown, under the provisions of the Group Areas Act. Sophiatown is consequently renamed Triumph.

1960 – Unlawful organisations Act (ANC was immediately unlawful). Permits were required to attend white universities or institutions.

1961 – South Africa changed from a Union to a Republic.

1961 – Indemnity Act for government officials, officers, etc.

1962 – Sabotage Act where one even in possession of water and foodstuffs could be tried.

1964 – Education Act somehow provided subsidies for blacks. Mandela and others were imprisoned.

1967 – Suppression of Communism Act to prevent the receiving and giving of donations. Law could only be practiced by certain people.

1968 – Dangerous Weapons Act.

1971 – University Education Act prevented students from changing courses after admission.

1972 – Security Intelligence / Council Act provided the security police with increased powers.

1977 – Newspaper and Imprint Registration Act to make them conform to a Code of Conduct.

1978 – Introduced a 99 year leasehold system for blacks in urban areas.

1982 – Internal Security Act. Indefinite detention – Media censorship – Detention of potential witnesses – Ban on publications  Those arrested were refused bail

1984 – Arrest of people loitering in a municipal area.

1985 – The declaration of a State of Emergency, and again in 1986. Detainees had no rights to visitors, letters, readings or lawyers. Security clearances were required in certain educational and training institutions. 10 years imprisonment for disrupting educational institutions or boycotting of consumer goods. It was an offense to possess a tyre or any inflammable liquid.

1986 – The establishment of the Elite Unit

1987 – State of Emergency, and again in 1988, and again in 1989.

1990 – The Commission of Inquiry into certain deaths. Mandela was released from prison.

1991 – 205 white government schools admit black children for the first time.

1994 – Mandela becomes president of South Africa.

1995 – Compulsory for black children to attend school.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/chronology/general/1900s.html

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