Cape Malays…

and their Heritage

Archive for the ‘ii. Names Listed in Postings till 1900’ Category

Names Index to 1900

Posted by tahirfarrath on April 14, 2010

Under construction…

Foremost would be Shaykh Yusuf of Macassar and some of those who associated with him:

A.A. Cense (1950, J. Noorduyn’s teacher)

‘Abd al-Qadir Majannang (was initiated by Abu’l-Fath ‘Abd al-Basir ad-Darir al-Khalwati who had received the Tariqa from Shaikh Yusuf himself)

Abdul Basi Sultania (1697, arrived at the Cape in chains. See Rajah of Tambora. Upon Shaikh Yusuf’s intervention, the Cape authorities moved the Rajah to Vergelegen.)

Abidin Tadia Tjoessoep (see Yusuf al-Taj al-Khalwati al-Maqasari)

Abu Barakat Ayyub bin Ahmad al-Khalwati al-Quraishi (Imam of ibn al-‘Arabi Mosque who initiated Shaikh Yusuf)

Abu’l-Fath ‘Abd al-Basir ad-Darir al-Khalwati (who had received the Tariqa from Shaikh Yusuf himself. He is also known as Tuang Rappang and was Shaikh Yusuf’s chief khalifa in South Sulawesi. His remains were brought to Goa, where they were buried beside Shaikh Yusuf in Lakiung)

Ageng Tirtayasa (Sultan of Bantem and Shaikh Yusuf’s father-in-law)

Ahmad as-Salih Matinro ri Rompegading (1775-1812, was a great admirer of Shaikh Yusuf and apparently compiled a treatise based on his teachings)

Andi Ijo Sultan Muhammad Abdul Kadir Aidid (1946 – 60 ruler of Goa, Makasarese kingdom, and follower of the Khalwatiyya-Yusuf order)

Carecontoe (a wife of Shaikh Yusuf who arrived with him at the Cape)

Carepane (a wife of Shaikh Yusuf who arrived with him at the Cape)

Daeng Tompo (a Raden and the former Qadi of Takalar – a descendant of Shaikh Yusuf’s son, Muhammad Jalal, who still teaches the Khalwatiyya-Yusuf)

(Note: Dede `Umar al-Khalwati [d. ca. 14970] was the founder of the Khalwatiyya order that Shaikh Yusuf followed, and Muhammad as-Samman was the 18th century Madinan Khalwatiyya-Samman Tariqa mystic. The latter form is loud and ecstatic and their followers tend to isolate themselves from others)

J. Noorduyn (had an  interest in Shaikh Yusuf’s life. A.A. Cense was his teacher))

Karaeng Karunrung (a prince of Goa with whom Shaikh Yusuf corresponded from Banten)

Muhammad ‘Abd al-Wahid bin `Abd al-Ghaffar al-Maqasari al-Khalwati (was initiated by his father, ‘Abd al-Qadir Majannang, and he was initiated by Abu’l-Fath ‘Abd al-Basir ad-Darir al-Khalwati, who had received the Tariqa from Shaikh Yusuf himself)

Muhammad Jalal (also known as Muhammad Kabir, Shaikh Yusuf’s son from his first wife. A descendant of his was Haji Raden Daeng Tompo)

Muhammad Kabir (see Muhammad Jalal)

Muhammad Sultan Baitullah (d. 1948, was the most famous recent teacher of the Khalwatiyya-Yusuf Tariqa in Goa)

Mu’minah (a slave girl who arrived at the Cape with Shaikh Yusuf)

Na’imah (a slave girl who arrived at the Cape with Shaikh Yusuf)

Puang Lallo (of Garassi in Maros is presently an influential Bugi teacher of the Khalwatiyya-Yusuf)

Puang Ngemba (of Tomajennang Tonasa in the island part of Pangkajene is presently an influential Bugi teacher of the Khalwatiyya-Yusuf)

Rajah of Tambora (1697, see Abdul Basi Sultania. He wrote the Qur’an from memory and presented it to Simon van der Stel. Robert Shell maintains that the Voortrekker leader, Piet Retief, was a descendant of the Rajah)

Tuang Rappang (see Abu’l-Fath ‘Abd al-Basir ad-Darir al-Khalwati)

Yusuf al-Taj al-Khalwati al-Maqasari (crown of the Khalwatiyya order. See Abidin Tadia Tjoessoep, the Khalwati mystic. Followers of Khalwatiyya-Yusuf perform the silent or soft form of dhikr, recitation of God’s names and other short formulas and its followers mix freely with people and do not follow a Tariqa. The aristrocrats were among the followers)

Yusuf Makasar (the 17th century mystic and warrior. See Abidin Tadia Tjoessoep. The orders that Yusuf were also initiated into are the Qadiriyya – on his way to Mecca, Naqshbandiyya in Yemen, Shattariyya  in Madina, and the Ba`Alawiyya – of Hadrami)

Zytia Sara Marouff (one of Shaikh Yusuf’s daughter married the exiled Rajah of Tambora and remained in the Cape after the Shaikh’s death)

Maria van Riebeeck brought two slaves to the Cape – two Arabian girls aged 10 and 12. She immediately bought a 5 year old Madagascan girl and a family of 5 Batavians (2 adults and 3 children).

The First Slaves Released

Abraham (1653, a stowaway from Batavia was given to Van Riebeeck. After working for the Company, he was sent back to Batavia three years later).

Angela van Bengal [Maai Ansiela] (1657, freed 1666 – first to own land and married Willemz known as Basson).

Anna de Koningh (freed daughter of Angela van Bengel, but not fathered by Basson, married Olaf Burgh. She inherited Groot Constantia upon Simon van der Stel’s death)

Catharina van Bengal [Anthonis] (1656, freed 1657 and married Jan Wouterssen from Middelburg who wished to marry her. As a way of putting the couple out of sight, he was later found an ‘unsatisfactory’ supervisor at Robben Island and sent to Batavia.)

Catharina van Palicatte (1657)

Domingo van Bengal (1657)

Jan Stael from Amsterdam (See also Catharina van Bengal. He married Maria van Bengalen, a union found more acceptable as Maria could speak Dutch and had some knowledge of Christianity.)

Maria Lievens (married to the Dutch Governor of Mauritius and Simon van der Stel Simon was born aboard a ship in Mauritian waters)

Maria van Bengal (1655)

Maria van Bengal (1658)

Monica of Goa (Simon van der Stel’s grandmother, an Indian slave – Maria Lievens’ mother)

Willem Andriaan van der Stel (great grandson of Monica of Goa)


Of the first 14 slaves in the Cape up to March 1658, four were children under the age of 12, and of the ten adults, 6 were from India. Maria van Bengal (1655), Catharina van Bengal (1656), Catharina van Palicatte (1657), Angela van Bengal (1657), Domingo van Bengal (1657) and Maria van Bengal (1658).

The first slave to be freed were Catherina van Bengal in 1657 who married the superintendent of Robben Island, Jan Wouterssen; Maria of Bengal in 1658; and Angela of Bengal (Maai Ansiela) in 1666. Ansiela was the first Free Black person to own land in Heerenstraat, Cape Town. She was later to marry Free Burgher Willemz known as Basson. One of her freed slave daughters Anna de Koningh (not fathered by Basson), married Olaf Burgh.

Simon van der Stel raped Anna de Koning while her husband was away and she inherited Groot Constantia after his death.It is further noteworthy to mention that the first two Governors of the Cape were Indo-Creoles. Simon van der Stel’s grandmother (his mother Maria Lievens’ mother) was Monica of Goa, an Indian slave also known as Monica of the Coast. Maria was married to the Dutch Governor of Mauritius and Simon was born aboard a ship in Mauritian waters. He was raised until 7 years old in Mauritius and until 20 years old in Batavia (Sumatra). Governor Willem Andriaan van der Stel was the great grandson of Monica. In a number of his anti-governor tirades the racist Adam Tas refers to the van der Stels, amongst others, as ‘the black brood amongst us’.


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